Manslaughter Murder Homicide Offences SA
Homicide offences are the most serious offences under Australian law. Murder is defined as the intentional and unlawful killing of another human being by a person who commits the act with premeditation, and full soundness of mind.
The variance between manslaughter and murder is based on the degrees of blameworthiness for the killing.
Manslaughter is categorised into two degrees of seriousness, based on blameworthiness - voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter.
Voluntary manslaughter is the intentional killing of another human being, which is accompanied by mitigating factors. Lack of premeditation and provocation, which causes rage or anger are the primary factors; however, other factors may apply. A heat-of-the-moment killing, where the perpetrator is so enraged that they immediately lash out at the victim, is an example of voluntary manslaughter.
Involuntary manslaughter is usually caused by negligence or recklessness on the part of the perpetrator, which results in the death of the victim. An example of this would be the reckless driving of a motor vehicle by the perpetrator, which causes an accident that kills the victim.
Disclaimer : This article is just a summary of the subject matter being discussed and should not be regarded as a comprehensive legal advice for you to defend yourself alone. If you are charged with criminal offences, it is recommended that you seek legal assistance from criminal lawyers.
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